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   dd    ( 1 )

конвертировать и копировать файл (convert and copy a file)

Имя (Name)

dd - convert and copy a file

Синопсис (Synopsis)


Описание (Description)

Copy a file, converting and formatting according to the operands.

bs=BYTES read and write up to BYTES bytes at a time (default: 512); overrides ibs and obs

cbs=BYTES convert BYTES bytes at a time

conv=CONVS convert the file as per the comma separated symbol list

count=N copy only N input blocks

ibs=BYTES read up to BYTES bytes at a time (default: 512)

if=FILE read from FILE instead of stdin

iflag=FLAGS read as per the comma separated symbol list

obs=BYTES write BYTES bytes at a time (default: 512)

of=FILE write to FILE instead of stdout

oflag=FLAGS write as per the comma separated symbol list

seek=N skip N obs-sized blocks at start of output

skip=N skip N ibs-sized blocks at start of input

status=LEVEL The LEVEL of information to print to stderr; 'none' suppresses everything but error messages, 'noxfer' suppresses the final transfer statistics, 'progress' shows periodic transfer statistics

N and BYTES may be followed by the following multiplicative suffixes: c=1, w=2, b=512, kB=1000, K=1024, MB=1000*1000, M=1024*1024, xM=M, GB=1000*1000*1000, G=1024*1024*1024, and so on for T, P, E, Z, Y. Binary prefixes can be used, too: KiB=K, MiB=M, and so on.

Each CONV symbol may be:

ascii from EBCDIC to ASCII

ebcdic from ASCII to EBCDIC

ibm from ASCII to alternate EBCDIC

block pad newline-terminated records with spaces to cbs-size

unblock replace trailing spaces in cbs-size records with newline

lcase change upper case to lower case

ucase change lower case to upper case

sparse try to seek rather than write all-NUL output blocks

swab swap every pair of input bytes

sync pad every input block with NULs to ibs-size; when used with block or unblock, pad with spaces rather than NULs

excl fail if the output file already exists

nocreat do not create the output file

notrunc do not truncate the output file

noerror continue after read errors

fdatasync physically write output file data before finishing

fsync likewise, but also write metadata

Each FLAG symbol may be:

append append mode (makes sense only for output; conv=notrunc suggested)

direct use direct I/O for data

directory fail unless a directory

dsync use synchronized I/O for data

sync likewise, but also for metadata

fullblock accumulate full blocks of input (iflag only)

nonblock use non-blocking I/O

noatime do not update access time

nocache Request to drop cache. See also oflag=sync

noctty do not assign controlling terminal from file

nofollow do not follow symlinks

count_bytes treat 'count=N' as a byte count (iflag only)

skip_bytes treat 'skip=N' as a byte count (iflag only)

seek_bytes treat 'seek=N' as a byte count (oflag only)

Sending a USR1 signal to a running 'dd' process makes it print I/O statistics to standard error and then resume copying.

Options are:

--help display this help and exit

--version output version information and exit